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vol.46 issue2Composición química de la fauna de acompañamiento del camarón de Veracruz (Golfo de México)Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


GARCIA-ABAD, M. C.; YANEZ-ARANCIBIA, A.; SANCHEZ-GIL, P.  and  TAPIA-GARCIA, M.. Distribución, abundancia y reproducción de Opisthonema oglinum (Pisces: Clupeidae) en la plataforma continental del sur del Golfo de México. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 1998, vol.46, n.2, pp.257-266. ISSN 0034-7744.

At present the ecological understanding and evaluation of tropical demersal fish communities have their bases on studies about the biology and ecology of dominant species. The Campeche Sound, in the southern Gulf of Mexico, has more than 300 species in the demersal fish community and 30 are dominants. Among these species, Opisthonema oglinum is dominant by its frequency, distribution and abundance. This work determined the pattern of abundance and distribution of O. oglinum, and its reproduction, maturity and recruitment. Fish were collected with a shrimp trawl net during six oceanographic cruises in the Campeche Sound. The cruises correspond with the three characteristic seasons in the area: rainy, "nortes", and dry season. A total of 813 individuals with sizes between 56 and 205 mm of total length were collected; they weighted 30 211.5 g. O. oglinum is a typical pelagic-neritic species, and is estuarine dependent. This species occurs in the inner shelf waters of the Campeche Sound, less than 36 m deep and mainly in areas influenced by coastal discharges. It also occurs in the Terminos Lagoon (southern Campeche Sound) and occasionally in the riverine systems that drain into the lagoon. The highest biomass and density are on depths lesser than 20 m, in June and August-October. The high density of juveniles mainly determines the higher biomass. Maturity can start at a total length of 126 mm, but the size of first maturity is 135 mm of total length. Reproduction occurs from May to October with two evident peaks during May and August in depths greater than 18 m. The juveniles are found in the shelf and inside of the Terminos Lagoon. Recruitment is from June to October (rainy season). The visceral and gonadic indices showed that the greatest alimentary activity is from June to August and in November. The condition factor is lowest in June, where the recruitment is highest, and highest in November, after spawning.

Keywords : By-catch; demersal; fish ecology; fish reproduction; Gulf of Mexico; thread herring; Opisthonema oglinum.

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