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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


GARCIA, María T. Amela  and  HOC, Patricia S.. Biología floral de Passiflora foetida (Passifloraceae). Rev. biol. trop [online]. 1998, vol.46, n.2, pp.191-202. ISSN 0034-7744.

A reproductive experiment shows that Passiflora foetida is autocompatible. Observations of floral characteristics and visitors during anthesis, plus the analysis of pollen allowed identification of floral syndrome (melittophily) and functions for each visitor. Anthesis occurs from 6 to 11 AM. Three floral phases were identified: 1) stigmas above anthers, 2) stigmas at anther level, 3) stigmas above anthers; radii, petals and sepals become incurved. The stigmas are receptive during the whole anthesis. The concentration of sugars in nectar is 34 %. The predominant color in the visible spectrum is white. The stamens and the gynoecium contrast against the limen and androgynophore in the UV spectrum, maybe a nectar guide. Three species of hymenopterans are the most frequent and constant visitors: Ptiloglossa tarsata (Colletidae) always contact the anthers and the stigmas while sucking nectar, carry a high percentage of P. foetida pollen and visit flowers in phases 1 and 2; they can be considered the main pollinators. Pseudaugochloropsis sp. (Halictidae) rarely contact anthers and stigmas while puncturing the limen to access nectar, and visit flowers in phases 2 and 3; they are nectar robbers that rarely pollinate. Augochlorella sp. (Halictidae) collect pollen without touching the stigmas and visit flowers in phases 2 and 3; they are pollen thieves.

Keywords : Reproductive system; floral syndrome; flower visitors; pollinators; Passiflora.

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