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Acta Médica Costarricense

On-line version ISSN 0001-6002Print version ISSN 0001-6012

Abstract

IVANKOVICH-ESCOTO, Gabriela; MARTINEZ, Joaquín; MATUS-OBREGON, Dora  and  ARGUEDAS-ARGUEDAS, Olga. Pediatric recommendations for the management of non-infectious uveitis in Costa Rica. Acta méd. costarric [online]. 2020, vol.62, n.3, pp.130-139.  Epub Aug 01, 2020. ISSN 0001-6002.

Importance:

Idiopathic uveitis and that associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis are ocular conditions that lead to visual impairment. In Costa Rica, the incidence in pediatric population is unknown; although there is a specialized clinic at the National Children’s Hospital for the management of these pathologies, there are no guidelines or recommendations published in our country.

Aims:

To summarize the current management recommendations for non-infectious uveitis and offer a guide adapted to the Costa Rican reality, specifically for the pediatric population.

Methods:

A non-systematic review of indexed medical literature on PubMed and Scielo platforms was carried out on the diagnosis and management of non-infectious uveitis aimed to pediatric patients and in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The recommended guidelines in Europe were reviewed and adjusted to what is done at the Uveitis Clinic of the National Children’s Hospital.

Conclusions:

A management proposal is made that includes a timely ophthalmological evaluation, accurate diagnosis; early and aggressive treatment to prevent complications and minimize sequelae

Keywords : noninfectious uveitis; juvenile idiopathic arthritis; ocular inflammation; autoimmunity; pediatric uveítis.

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