SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.60 issue3Factors that affect vaccination against influenza in workers of the Department of Nursing author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Acta Médica Costarricense

On-line version ISSN 0001-6002Print version ISSN 0001-6012


JARAMILLO-ANTILLON, Orlando et al. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Costa Rica: prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Acta méd. costarric [online]. 2018, vol.60, n.3, pp.103-114. ISSN 0001-6002.

The purpose of the present research was to describe the different species of Leishmania sp. in Costa Rica so as to recommend specific treatment; also, we wish to describe the epidemiological behavior of the different species in order to suggest prevention and control strategies.

Our sources were Collective Registry Data of the Ministry of Health estimates (2011 to 2016) and population data from the National Institute of Statistics and the Census.

The average incidence rate from 2005 through 2007 was 35.5 cases per 100,000; the rate went down to 30.5 during the years 2011 through 2016. The most affected age group were those younger than 15 years with a rate of 44.42 per 100,000. Since 2005, the areas in which incidence rates are higher than the average national incidence rate are: San Ramón, Guatuso, Turrialba and Talamanca. Management must be carried out according to: the identified species of the parasite and also according to the experience of experts in Costa Rica. Prevention must be directed to the identified risk groups.

Keywords : Leishmaniasis; vectors; reservoirs; leishmania; species.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )