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Acta Médica Costarricense

On-line version ISSN 0001-6002Print version ISSN 0001-6012


CARO-PORRAS, Nicole. Epidemiological analysis of women with cervical squamous cell carcinoma 2007-2015Epidemiological analysis of women with cervical squamous cell carcinoma 2007-2015. Acta méd. costarric [online]. 2017, vol.59, n.1, pp.22-27. ISSN 0001-6002.


Evaluate the incidence and behavior of squamous cervical cancer, both in situ/cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 and invasive carcinomas in women diagnosed in the “Dr. Escalante Pradilla” Hospital Pathology Service between the years 2007 to 2015.


A retrospective study was carried out with the data obtained from the files of the Pathology Service. We included all women diagnosed in this service with epidermoid cervical cancer (in situ/NIC3 and invasive) for a total of 461 women in the nine-year period. The variables to be studied were cancer type, age and year at diagnosis, residence and cytological results two years prior to tthe cancer diagnosis. For the incidence calculations, adjusted rates per 10,000 inhabitants were used in the rates per place of residence and per 100,000 inhabitants in the Brunca region rates.


It was documented an increase in the incidence of cervical cancer since 2012. The age group most affected globally is 26-30 years, but in invasive carcinoma it’s the group of 46-50 years.

At cantonal level, there is a marked difference in cytology, with the canton of Corredores having the lowest cytological coverage and, at the same time, a higher rate of invasive carcinoma.


The Brunca region is showing an increase in the incidence of cervical cancer and it was documented that regions with lower coverage, had higher rates of invasive carcinomas. The cervical cytology screening program is an effective prevention method if used appropriately. It is essential to strengthen the program in vulnerable regions, since screening coverage is inversely proportional to the incidence of cervical cancer.

Keywords : Uterine Cervical Neoplams; Carcinoma; Squamous Cell; Carcinoma in Situ; Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix; Cytology.

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