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Acta Médica Costarricense

On-line version ISSN 0001-6002Print version ISSN 0001-6012


JIMENEZ-MENDEZ, María Gabriela  and  CARMONA-BARBA, René. Jodhpur Disease resolved by laparoscopic pyloroplasty. Acta méd. costarric [online]. 2015, vol.57, n.1, pp.38-41. ISSN 0001-6002.

Background: Primary and acquired gastric outlet obstruction was described in 1997 when the first reports were released. It is an unusualillness, widely unknown among pediatric surgeons; therefore the aim of this paper is to present a case and provide a brief analysis of the disease. Case report: We report the case of a three-year old girl, with a three-month history of worsening postprandial non-bilious vomiting, abdominal pain and weight loss. The upper gastrointestinal contrast study showed an enlarged stomach and delayed gastric emptying, with contrast up to 72 hours later. Endoscopy displayed a stenotic pylorus. The result of the histopathologic examination was normal. Nonetheless, she didn’t respond to medical treatment. A diagnostic laparoscopy wasperformed,butextrinsiccompressioncausesweredismissed and it showed a normal pylorus, so a laparoscopic Heineke-Mikulicz antropyloroplasty was performed. It dismissed the presence of a membrane but showed a fibrotic pyloric ring that was resected. She presented a satisfactory postoperative course. Discussion: This case is grouped in the category of primary and acquired obstructions to gastric emptying or Jodhpur’s Disease, which is characterized by clinical symptoms like non-bilious vomiting, visible gastric peristalsis and weight loss with no apparent cause (no membrane or diaphragm); a histopathological study that dismissed other pathologies (no fibrosis, no specific inflammation, no malignancy) and by the fact that it may be easily resolved using a Mikuliczpyloroplasty. This case shows that although this is a rare entity, it should be considered after ruling out other more common diseases. It is also possible to conclude that the laparoscopic approach for antropyloroplasty is safe and effective.

Keywords : Gastric outlet; pylorus; laparoscopy.

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