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Acta Médica Costarricense

On-line version ISSN 0001-6002Print version ISSN 0001-6012


ESQUIVEL SOLIS, Viviana  and  ALVARADO, Marco Vinicio. Nutritional status of Overweight and Obese Women Attended at the Comprehensive Health Care Program (PAIS) 2006. Acta méd. costarric [online]. 2009, vol.51, n.4, pp.222-228. ISSN 0001-6002.

Background and aim: The objective of this research was to assess the nutritional status of women with overweight and obesity in the area of attraction of the Comprehensive Health Care Program, PAIS. Methods: Study participants included ninety overweight/obese adult females with ages between 18-49 years: 30 women from each of the three areas of PAIS (Curridabat, La Union and Montes de Oca). The study included anthropometric, clinical, biochemical and dietary characteristics. Results: Almost all of these women have abdominal obesity and alteration in their lipid profile, but they did not have anemia and most of them had normal fasting and postprandial blood glucose levels. Dietary assessment showed an average intake of 1851 ± 691 Kcal (52% carbohydrates, 13.8% protein and 34% fat). The average intake of vitamin A and C were adequate according to the dietary recommendations, but daily consumption of fiber was low. Physical examination showed hypertension, musculoskeletal disorders and stretch marks. 87.6% showed a family history of obesity and 54% mentioned that their overweight began since childhood and adolescence. Conclusion: The study has allowed the identification of relevant nutritional characteristics that could be considered for future interventions in this group.

Keywords : nutritional status; overweight.

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