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Anuario de Estudios Centroamericanos

On-line version ISSN 2215-4175Print version ISSN 0377-7316


PALMA-HERRERA, José Luis. The Return of the Enclaves to Honduras in the XXI Century: The Zones of Employment and Economic Development (ZEDE), the Version of the Charter Cities Rejected by its Creator Paul Romer (2010-2019). Anuario de Estudios Centroamericanos [online]. 2019, vol.45, pp.95-132. ISSN 2215-4175.

In its genesis, the objectives of the ZEDE, based on the theory of the Charter Cities of Paul Romer, were to generate job opportunities, economic development and offer security to the population of Honduras to reduce illegal immigration to the United States of America. However, with the emergence of the Migrant Caravans and after a decade of political uncertainty, this development proposal has proven to be one of the vernacular political fallacies of Honduras, characterized by its lack of transparency, lack of indicators of economic development, displacement of municipal autonomy and indifference to the reduction of national poverty. The present study shows how the ZEDE are already part of the historical list of failed Honduran enclaves.

Keywords : enclave; charter cities; concession; territory; corruption.

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