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Cuadernos de Investigación UNED

versão impressa ISSN 1659-4266


AGUILAR FERNANDEZ, Eduardo  e  CARBALLO ALFARO, Ana Maricela. C reactive protein, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk in the Costa Rican population born between 1945 and 1955. Cuadernos de Investigación UNED [online]. 2020, vol.12, n.1, pp.169-180. ISSN 1659-4266.

Introduction: Several studies have mentioned that there is a relationship between C reactive protein (CRP) and the metabolic syndrome (MS) and that this protein is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. Objective: We studied the relationship of CRP with MS in the Costa Rican population. Methods: People born in Costa Rica between 1945 and 1955 and participants in CRELES-RC project were included in the study (n= 2 273). MS was adapted according to the American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute definition. Results:The prevalence of MS increased with elevated CRP levels (p< 0,001) and was higher in women (p< 0,001). CRP was independently and positively associated to waist circumference and negatively associated to HDL-cholesterol. The strongest CRP determinant was waist circumference (PSup= 67,8). After adjustment for age, sex, residence area, smoking and alcohol, in the highest quartile of CRP levels (CRP> 4 mg/L), the risk for MS was higher compared with that in the lowest quartile of CRP levels. Cardiovascular risk was higher in people with high levels of CRP. Conclusions:CRP levels is associated with the MS among Costa Ricans born between 1945 and 1955.

Palavras-chave : Risk factors; central obesity; high blood pressure; dyslipidemia; hyperglycemia; Costa Rica.

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