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Revista Costarricense de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1659-2913Print version ISSN 0257-1439


BRIZUELA RODRIGUEZ, Armel; JIMENEZ ALFARO, Karol; PEREZ ROJAS, Nelson  and  ROJAS ROJAS, Guaner. Verbal Self-reporting to Identify Reasoning Processes in Standardized Tests. Rev. Costarric. Psic [online]. 2016, vol.35, n.1, pp.23-36. ISSN 1659-2913.

Current standards for assessing the psychometric quality of psychological and educational tests stip ulate that one indication required to justify the inferences derived from the application of a test are those related to answering strategies for the test items. Thus, this article presents the results of a study that involved the execution of semi-structured interviews with a group of 15 college freshmen, whose oral reports were analyzed to provide support for a set of strategies to answer previously identified verbal items from the “Academic Aptitude Test” (Prueba de Aptitud Académica) at the Universidad de Costa Rica. The results indicate that participants actually used the proposed strategies, which is important evidence about the reasoning skills measured by the Prueba de Aptitud Académica verbal items. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of the results, the usefulness of verbal self-reports to gather evidence for test validity and future research along these lines.

Keywords : Admission exam; Reading comprehension; Response processes; Verbal report.

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