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Revista Costarricense de Cardiología

versão impressa ISSN 1409-4142


PEREIRA-RODRIGUEZ, Javier Eliécer et al. Efectos del entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad en pacientes adultos con falla cardiaca: revisión sistemática. Rev. costarric. cardiol [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.1, pp.9-18. ISSN 1409-4142.

Effects of high intensity intervalic training in adult patients with heart failure: systematic review


In 2015, 17.5 million people died from cardiovascular diseases, 31% of all deaths worldwide. This increase in mortality from cardiovascular diseases responds to factors such as aging, overweight and obesity, hypertension (HBP), sedentary lifestyle, among others.


To review the effects of high-intensity interval training in adult patients with heart failure.

Materials and methods:

Systematic review with descriptive analysis and retrospective chronology, of scientific articles published between January of the year 2015 to January of the year 2019 in 5 databases. The studies were identified and selected by means of the recommendations of the PRISMA Declaration and the Cochrane Collaboration, in addition, the methodological quality of the studies included in the review was evaluated through the PEDro Scale.


Finally, 13 clinical trials were included to develop the descriptive analysis. There was a sample of 554 subjects with heart failure, with a reduced ejection fraction between 27 ± 9% and 65 ± 5%; 275 patients were intervened and 279 were controlled. The high-intensity training was developed by blocks with intervals between 30 seconds and 4 minutes with work cycles of up to 100% and until reaching a maximum heart rate between 75% and 95%.


High-intensity interval training for 12 weeks could improve physical capacity in patients with heart failure. However, it has greater effects if it is accompanied by strength or resistance exercises.

Palavras-chave : Exercise; cardiovascular diseases; heart failure.

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