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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


BOUCAULT TRANCHITELLA, Fabio et al. Homicide occurrence in different regions of the city of São Paulo and its risk rate according to male gender between 2000 and 2014: an analysis of 11.981 cases. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.2, pp.105-119. ISSN 2215-5287.


: Homicides are important causes of mortality in the world, especially in Brazil, which represents approximately two thirds of deaths from external causes and the third place among the causes of death in the country. Methods: Retrospective study on the occurrence of causes of violent deaths occurring in different regions of the city of São Paulo from 2000 to 2014 according to the Mortality Information System of the Municipal Health Secretariat. The standardized coefficient (CP) for the occurrence of homicides and risk rates according to population and male gender were calculated. Results: The PC showed that the south and east regions had increased homicide occurrence between 2000 and 2005 when compared to the years 2010 and 2014. Considering the sum of the PC over the 15 years can be observed the highest occurrence of homicide. in the southern and eastern regions of São Paulo, however, with a reduction in occurrence between 2010 and 2014. Regarding the relative risk rate for homicide, the northern region presented higher rates between 2000 and 2005. When considering gender male population, the western region showed an increase in the risk rate between 2000 and 2005. For 2010, the risk rate remained higher for the northern (1.14) and eastern (1.15) regions, while for the male gender. For men, the risk rate (0.91) remained high for the southern region. In 2014 the highest risk rate (1.18) moved to the western region while for males the highest risk rate was directed to the central region (0.92). Conclusions: High homicide rates have remained in the southern and eastern regions of the city of São Paulo over the past 15 years. The risk rate differs between the regions of the city of São Paulo, highlighting the northern region between 2000, 2005 and 2010 and the western region in 2014. The male gender influences the risk rates between the regions, especially the western region between 2000 and 2005, the southern region in 2010 and the central region in 2014, showing their influence on homicide.

Keywords : Homicide; external causes; mortality; epidemiology; violence.

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