SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.46 número1Flujos de óxido nitroso en pasturas bajo diferentes dosis de fertilización nitrogenada, Norte de ColombiaPseudomonasp en la emergencia de semillas y el desarrollo de posturas de cacao índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Agronomía Costarricense

versión impresa ISSN 0377-9424


SOSA-SANCHEZ, Oandis et al. Cultural-morphometric characterization as a tool for the identification of Fusarium spp., associated with Nicotiana tabacum L. Agron. Costarricense [online]. 2022, vol.46, n.1, pp.111-128. ISSN 0377-9424.

Introduction.Nicotiana tabacum L., is a crop of economic importance as an exportable product in Cuba and its plantations can be significantly affected by the phytopathogen Fusarium spp. Objective. The objective was to characterize culturally and morphometrically the Fusarium species associated with N. tabacum. Materials and methods. Samples of plants with vascular affectations, wilting, chlorosis and necrosis in stems and leaves were collected in areas specialized in tobacco production in the Cuban province of Granma. From the analyzed plant tissues, 9 isolates were obtained in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium, which were purified by monosporic cultures. PDA, Carnation Leafpiece Agar (CLA), SpeziellerNährstoffarmer Agar (SNA) and Nutrient Agar (AN) media were used for cultural-morphometric characterization on the basis of qualitative and quantitative traits. A completely randomized design was used and statistical processing was performed using factorial ANOVA and Tukey's test, processed with InfoStat 2008. Results. The results confirmed the existence of 9 isolates of Fusarium, of them, 5 of F. oxysporum and 4 of F. phyllophylum. The combined cultural-morphometric characterization demonstrated greater variability of pigmentation in PDA medium in both Fusarium species and evidenced inter and intraspecific differentiation in the formation of microscopic structures, verifying macroconidia with a size of 8.17-33.35 x 1.45-6.30 µm in F. oxysporum and 6.68-20.10 x 1.42-4.67 µm in F. phyllophylum. Conclusions. Nine Fusarium spp. Isolates (5 from F. oxysporum and 4 from F. phyllophylum) are efficiently characterized by the combined cultural-morphometric method and the selectivity of these 2 species for N. tabacum is demonstrated.

Palabras clave : basal stemrot; tobacco; taxonomy.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )