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Agronomía Costarricense

versão impressa ISSN 0377-9424


OROZCO A, Martha; JIMENEZ R, Ana; ACUNA N, Oscar  e  ALVAREZ C, Víctor. Determination of the growth of nematophagous fungi on diverse carbon sources. Agron. Costarricense [online]. 2015, vol.39, n.2, pp.143-152. ISSN 0377-9424.

Organic amendments have been widely used to stimulate the populations of predatory nematophagous fungi (PNF) in soil; however, the use of organic amendments has produced inconsistent results in the control of parasitic nematodes. The inconsistencies have been partially attributed to the chemical composition of the organic amendments, specifically to carbon and nitrogen contents. Therefore, to know the carbon preferences of these fungi could be helpful to promote the predatory phase of the PNF in soil. The aim of this study was to determine the growth of native PNF strains from Costa Rica in diverse carbon sources. The PNF Arthrobotrys oligospora and Candelabrella musiformis were grown in artificial culture media containing the following carbon sources: starch, and skim milk. The growth rate developed by the PNF in each one of the culture media was determined and compared. The growth rates developed by both fungal species followed the next order: cellulos e>chitin>pectin>starch>skim milk. Significant differences in the growth rates developed by the fungal strains were detected only in culture medium containing cellulose, in comparison with culture media containing other carbon sources. In culture medium containing cellulose both A. oligospora and C. musiformis grew faster with respect to the other culture media, but A. oligospora strains grew faster in comparison with C. musiformis strains. Both fungal species developed the lowest growth rates in culture media containing starch and skim milk.

Palavras-chave : Arthrobotrys oligospora; Candelabrella musiformis; carbon source; organic amendment; predatory phase; saprophytic phase.

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