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Revista de Biología Tropical

versão On-line ISSN 0034-7744versão impressa ISSN 0034-7744


ACOSTA, Raúl  e  PRAT, Narcís. Podonominae pupae (Diptera: Chironomidae) from the tropical high Andean rivers. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2018, vol.66, n.1, pp.6-27. ISSN 0034-7744.

The Podonominae is a subfamily of Chironomidae which immature stages inhabit cold streams and brooks. In South America, most of the species have been reported only from the Andean/Patagonian subregion. However, the knowledge of its diversity from high tropical areas is still scarce. We studied the richness of genera and morphotypes of pupae and pupal exuviae of Podonominae (Diptera: Chironomidae) in the high Andean rivers from Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, and discussed its geographical distribution in the studied area. The specimens were collected between 2004 and 2011 in 197 sampling points, from 17 basins over 2 000 masl. During the dry season, benthic and drift samples were taken in different substrates. We recognized three genera:Podonomopsis,ParochlusandPodonomus,with one, nine and 14 morphotypes, respectively. Only six of them were clearly determined as species previously described.Podonomopsiswas represented only by one species,P.illiesi, only found in high altitude rivers in Perú (above 3 500 masl). Morphotypes richness and abundance ofParochluswere higher in rivers from Ecuador and Colombia (P.incaicus,Parochlussp. 1 andParochlussp. 2 were the most common species). Conversely,Podonomuswas more diverse and abundant in rivers from Perú (P. caranqui,P. fittkauiandP. fastigianswere the most common species). We found a clear pattern of distribution of morphotypes in the latitudinal gradient. First, we confirmed an evident decrease in the morphotypes richness in relation to the South Andes. Second, we found species such asPodomopsisilliesi,PodonomusfittkauiandPodomusfastigiansthat only were present in Perú, but not in Ecuador and Colombia. For these species, the Huancabamba Depression (6°S Latitude, North of Perú), could represent an important barrier in their dispersion toward lower latitudes. A taxonomic key to genera and morphotypes determination was also provided. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66(1): 6-27. Epub 2018 March 01.

Palavras-chave : South America; macroinvertebrates; aquatic insects; high Andean streams; pupal exuviae.

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