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vol.60 suppl.3Morphological features around Isla del Coco and its adjacent seamounts, Pacific Costa RicaGlobal Model selection for evaluation of Climate Change projections in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Seascape índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista de Biología Tropical

versão On-line ISSN 0034-7744versão impressa ISSN 0034-7744


SIBAJA-CORDERO, Jeffrey A.; TRONCOSO, Jesús S.; BENAVIDES-VARELA, Catalina  e  CORTES, Jorge. Distribution of shallow water soft and hard bottom seabeds in the Isla del Coco National Park, Pacific Costa Rica. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2012, vol.60, suppl.3, pp.53-66. ISSN 0034-7744.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) applications used in marine habitats are powerful tools for management and monitoring of marine reserves and resources. Here, we present a series of maps of the soft and hard substrates in the shallow  waters  (>80 m depth) of Parque Nacional Isla del Coco (PNIC= Isla del Coco National Park). We use bathymetry data and field data as input for a GIS, GAM, and kriging methods to generate a series of maps that describe the bottom characteristics. Eight types of bottom were found in the PNIC by composition and grain size. The shore of the island and islets consisted of rocky formations (mainly basalts), with coral reefs in the subtidal of some areas. Rhodolith beds had a dispersing distribution. The bottom on the southern and southwestern region is hard substrate, while sediments cover the northern and northeastern zones. Slightly gravelly sand dominated the bays, while gravelly sand (with more coarse grains) was frequent offshore. The inner areas of Chatham and Wafer bays have mud and organic matter. The sediments in the area are mostly carbonates, except in Bahía Yglesias where clastic sediments (from the  erosion of basalts) are presented. The information generated in this study could be a valuable input for future monitoring in the PNIC. 

Palavras-chave : GIS; Isla del Coco; Costa Rica; maps; sand bottom; carbonates; reefs; shallow water systems; substrate; costal management; sediments.

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