Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública
versión impresa ISSN 1409-1429
SIERRA, Rafaela et al. Helicobater pylori: ¿es posible la erradicación?. Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 1999, vol.8, n.14, pp. 37-43. ISSN 1409-1429.
Objetive: Elimination H. pylori in dyspeptic patients from a population at high-risk for gastric cancer. Population and methods: In 174 dyspeptic patients from a population at high-risk for gastric cancer, the prevalence rate of H. pylori infection and the percent erradication at 8 weeks after treatment with amoxicillin, bismuth subsalicylate and metronidazole were determined. Results: 98% of patients were infected. The bacteria was eliminated in only 10.8% of the 83 patients who took more than 75% of the medicines. Conclusions: Due to ecological and socioeconomical characteristics of tropical countries, frequent use and abuse of antibiotics exists from infancy and this facilitates the presence of strains which are resistant to antibiotics, particularly metronidazole. This finding, together with the high probability of infection and reinfection, question the use of treatments that have not been validated in these countries. Efforts should be directed towards determinnig the behaviour of the bacteria and its transmission in order to prevent infection and search for an effective vaccine.
Palabras llave : Helicobater pylori; gastric cancer; antimicrobial agents; resistance; tropical contries; eradication.