Medicina Legal de Costa Rica
Print version ISSN 1409-0015
KVITKO, Luis Alberto. La Relación Médico Paciente Hipocrática. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2010, vol.27, n.1, pp. 07-14. ISSN 1409-0015.
The physician-patient relationship, for as long as two and a half millennia, followed Hippocrates the traditional understanding, under which patients and their families had absolute confidence in the professional, at the same time the physician enjoyed the respect and authority over them. This was the "medical paternalism", in this model the doctor was never asked, by the patient or his family, for any explanation of his conduct, at the same time that he was not forced to share it or to communicate with the patient. With the advent of liberalism the Hippocratic concept changed, providing a completely different way of "doctor-patient relationship." This new model of relationship consider that the patient is an autonomous individual, capable, and able to receive all necessary information and had a complete freedom on making the decisions about their own health.
Keywords : The physician-patient relationship; Hippocrates; Hippocratic Oath; Aesculapian, informed consent.