Medicina Legal de Costa Rica
Print version ISSN 1409-0015
MADRIGAL RAMIREZ, Édgar Alonso and ROLDAN RETANA, Jorge Mario. The medical-legal history in cases of sexual assault in children. A forensic medical approach. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.2, pp. 47-66. ISSN 1409-0015.
The Forensic Medical interrogation has been considered as revictimizing in cases about Sexual Assaults on Children. The Medical Legal History in Sexual Assaults meets the necessary information to guide the two main procedures: the physical examination and the gathering of evidence on the victim as well as in its context. There are forensic techniques to avoid revictimization on children during interrogation, understanding the revictimization as the suffering the victim experiences, when remembering a traumatic event during the Medical Legal Examination. The medical-legal history pursues goals that are different from those of other interrogation procedures within the judicial process, and when following the guidelines of the art and science of medicine, it well established, do not produce revictimization of the patient.
Keywords : Sexual Assaults in Children; Medical Legal History in Kids; Revictimization; techniques to ask the child; the Medical Legal Examination.