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Revista Geológica de América Central

versão On-line ISSN 0256-7024

Resumo

MADRIGAL, Pilar  e  LUCKE, Oscar H.. Petrographic analysis of the volcanic bombs and blocks from Poás Volcano: april-june 2017 eruptive period. Rev. Geol. Amér. Central [online]. 2017, n.57, pp. 149-159. ISSN 0256-7024.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15517/rgac.v0i57.30336.

During the first semester of 2017, Poás Volcano, in the Central American Volcanic Arc (CAVA) initiated a period of volcanic unrest that included high energy phreatomagmatic and magmatic eruptions. The most notable eruptions occurred on April 14th and April 22nd of 2017, which produced abundant ashes and ballistic materials in the form of blocks and bombs. Here, we present results from the petrographic analyses conducted in the collected material from the largest eruptions of April 2017. Mineral textures observed on the petrographic analyses show evidence of reactivation and fragmentation of a crystal mush in the magma chamber, triggering re-melting episodes, volatile exsolution, and an increase in the pressure of the system, all of which are expected conditions during an eruption episode. Our analyses done on juvenile and non-juvenile material suggest that processes of magma mingling and injections of new batches of material of different compositions have played an important role throughout previous eruptions and likely in the current phase of volcanic activity in Poás.

Palavras-chave : Poás; volcanic activity; magmatic processes; igneous petrography; crystallization.

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