Revista Costarricense de Ciencias Médicas
versão impressa ISSN 0253-2948
ALVARADO-GAMEZ, Ana; BLANCO-SAENZ, Rigoberto e MORA-MORALES, Erick. El cromo como elemento esencial en los humanos. Rev. costarric. cienc. méd [online]. 2002, vol.23, n.1-2, pp. 55-68. ISSN 0253-2948.
The Chromium is an essential element for human and animals, because it a preponderant function in the insulin metabolism as a glucose tolerance factor (GTF). The deficiency of chromium engenders a deterioration in the glucose metabolism due to bad efficiency of insulin. Because the importance of this element an exhaustive reference review was made and this presents some studies realized in laboratory animals and in human beings where it is prove with resuits the effect of chromium over the improvement of patients with non-insulin dependant diabetes. Three substances are presented as chromium active biological forms: a material rich in chromium known as glucose tolerance factor, chromium picolinate and a substance of low molecular weight LMWCr in its forms of apo and holo that contains chromium and it links the insulin receptor and improves its activity. Also this paper presents information about the condition of diabetes in Costa Rica.
Palavras-chave : Chromium; diabetes mellitus; glucose; insulin.