Acta Médica Costarricense
versão impressa ISSN 0001-6012
PORRA, Oscar et al. Recommendations for the prevention of perinatal transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Costa Rica. Acta méd. costarric [online]. 2008, vol.50, n.4, pp. 243-247. ISSN 0001-6012.
It is known that the perinatal transmission of HIV from mother to child is preventable applying some general and some specific measures. The basic action to achive the prevention is to identify which pregnant women are HIV positive early during the pregnancy. To obtain this aim it is fundamental to carry out the HIV-ELISA test to every pregnant woman early during the pregnancy. The present guides were developed to help aply all the preventive actions necessary to achive the prevention of perinatal HIV transmission in Costa Rica, offering an optimal medical attention to the mother and the newborn.
Palavras-chave : human immunodeficiency virus; HIV; perinatal transmisión; pregnancy; antirretroviral; breastfeeding; BCG.