ISSN 0034-7744
printed version

http://www.biologiatropical.ucr.ac.cr

INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

Scope and policy

Journal scope

We consider manuscripts in all theoretical and applied fields of tropical biology, with a preference to in-depth studies of general interest based on significant samples, a solid experimental design and a modern quantitative analysis. We do not publish studies that only add details or cases to previously known phenomena, preliminary studies, communications, notes or other short articles, species lists, or highly specialized reports of limited interest.

Format and page charges

Text must be clear, brief and without repetitions according to CSE norms (www.cbe. org). Use the International System (SI) units and abbreviations (m, km, kg, ml, s; details in www.bipm.fr/en/si/).

Page charges: There is no compulsory page fee for the first ten printed pages. Additional pages will be charged $50 each. A document that corresponds to the maximum length published free of charge typically has about 5 000 words, two figures and two small tables.

Tables

Avoid very small or very large tables (half a page is usually a good size). Table headings must be brief. Do not use bold font, words completely spelled in upper case or separation lines. All symbols and abbreviations must appear as Table footnotes.

Figures

Send photographs and other images inserted in the document; resolution 300 DPI., 14cm in wide. Labels: Helvetica 12 points.

References

Present the list of references and citations within the text in APA 6th Edition format. We recommend the use of the free reference manager Zotero (http://www.zotero.org/).

Stages in manuscript processing

Manuscripts that follow our scope and format indications are sent to three external reviewers who make recommendations to improve them or qualify them as unacceptable. The second draft is corrected by our staff and returned with instructions to prepare the final version for the printer. The Editorial Board has the final word on acceptance.

Legal requirements

When authors submit a manuscript they transfer printed and electronic reproduction rights to the Journal and accept to comply with all Journal norms regarding procedure, format and other pertinent aspects.

Ethical requirements

When authors submit a manuscript they accept to follow the Helsinki Ethical Norms (www.onlineethics.org), that all coauthors participated in the main aspects of research and agree to publication, and that the study is scientifically valid, has not been published before and was not sent simultaneously to another journal.

Submission

Follow all format details from a recent issue or check examples in www.biologiatropical.ucr.ac.cr

A more detailed guide is on the same site. All text and figures must be included within a single DOC, RTF or DOCX file. Submit it to biologia.tropical@ucr.ac.cr (title message “New manuscript”) attached to a scanned letter signed by all coauthors stating: a- that the document is original and all coauthors agree with its publication; b- that you meet our ethical requirement, c- the importance of your study to tropical biology and conservation, d- that you aggree to pay excess page fee charges if required, and e- names and e-mail addresses of three possible reviewers. We confirm reception within five days; if no reply is received please contact us again to the same address.

Submission Checklist

General instructions:

Follow the standard structure of a scientific paper (do not merge results with discussion) and include a note to the Editor to prepare a Spanish Abstract (Resumen) if you cannot provide one.

Apply an automatic spell checker, and state the total number of words at the foot of the first page.

All text, tables and figures must be included within a single DOCX or DOC file. Send professional quality illustrations.

Submit it to biologia.tropical@ucr.ac.cr (title message “New manuscript”) attached to a scanned letter signed by all coauthors stating: a- that the document is original and all coauthors agree with its publication; b- that you meet our ethical requirement, c- the importance of your study to tropical biology and conservation, d- that you aggree to pay excess page fee charges if required, and e- names and e-mail addresses of three possible reviewers. We confirm reception within five days; if no reply is received please contact us again to the same address.

Manuscript characteristics:

It presents original information on biology  and/or conservation of tropical organisms.

Detailed field study (typically, field studies, done for more than a year), or an in depth laboratory study.

Page charges: There is no compulsory page fee for the first ten printed pages. Additional pages will be charged $50 each. A document that corresponds to the maximum length published free of charge typically has about 5 000 words, two figures and two small tables.

Introductory section:

Only the appropriate letters are capitalized. The title is short and includes Order and Family in parentheses (botanical papers: only Family).

Taxonomic authority (Author, year) for each taxon appears only the first time the taxon is mentioned in text (never in the title). Genera of binomials are written in full only the first time they are used, in the Abstract, main text, Resumen and key words.

The addresses for correspondence is short but complete; if there are several, they must be numbered. Include valid e-mails for all coauthors. Do not include phone/fax numbers.

The Abstract (350-450 words) must describe the importance of the problem being addressed, sample size, sampling dates, how the study was performed, the salient results and what the authors concluded. It must be a single paragraph.

Key words (five to seven) are separated by commas and are more general than title or abstract words.

The Introduction summarizes recent findings and ends with the objective of the study.

Material and Methods section:

Present only the information required to repeat the study. Previously published methods are referenced and briefly described.

Do not include a map for one location study area; instead, provide its geographic coordinates. A map is appropriate for studies with many sampling locations/stations.

Voucher specimens should be deposited in at least one institution and the details given under Materials and Methods. When they can affect the results, equipment specifications should include model number and manufacturer. Chemicals only manufacturer.

Mathematical formulas should include a description of each component. Acronyms are spelled in full the first time. Units appear as follows: liters l, grams g, hours hr, millimeters mm, centimeters cm, meters m, kilometers km; units are not capitalized and have no period. Decimals are indicated with a period, thousands and millions with a space. eg. 12 523 235.15

When not followed by units, integers from zero to ten are written in full (one, two etc., not 1, 2 etc.).

Results:

Quantitative data are evaluated with appropriate statistical tests, which are cited only after each result and in parentheses. Example: “Height and speed were correlated (Spearman, p< 0.05)”.

Tables and Figures:

Isolated figures have been avoided by grouping related photographs and illustrations; no 3D figures are accepted. Symbols and scales appear as a caption in the figure (never as a footnote). Labels (see recommendation here) are at least 5mm from the image border. Labels: Helvetica 12 points.

Very long or very short tables have been  avoided (half a page is good size), and no vertical or horizontal lines have been used in them. All symbols and abbreviations appear only in the footnotes. No bold font, or words fully written in upper case are used.

Discussion:

The section compares your results with previously published data. No tables or figures are included.

Acknowledgments:

Only persons who gave very significant assistance are mentioned. “Dr.”, “Prof.”, “Mrs.”, among others, are not used.

Resumen and Palabras clave:

The Spanish Resumen starts with the Spanish title of the article. The Resumen contains the same information and sections as our format for the Abstract. The Palabras clave include the same key words but written in Spanish.

References

Present the list of references and citations within the text in APA 6th Edition format. We recommend the free reference manager of Zotero (www.zotero.org/). Only cited publications appear under References and vice versa.

 Unpublished papers do not: they are mentioned in the text as in this example: (J. Smith, unpublished).

The following links are of interest:

Sending of manuscripts

Before sending a manuscript to our journal, we recommend you to carefully review that details of format and style are according to our requirements. Once you have taken this into account please send your work to the e-mail address

biologia.tropical@ucr.ac.cr.

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